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谷歌联合创始人CEO和总裁辞职公开信(全文)

Alphabet首席执行长佩奇(Larry Page)周二宣布,他将辞去该职位。除了目前的职位,谷歌首席执行官桑达尔·皮查伊将接任母公司首席执行官一职。联合创始人谢尔盖·布林也将辞去Alphabet总裁一职,该职位将被取消。

Alphabet的股价在盘后上涨了0.8%。这是简化我们管理结构的自然时机,“佩奇和布林在一篇博客文章中宣布了这一变化。公司。Alphabet和Google不再需要两个CEO和一个总裁。“

佩奇在2015年成为Alphabet的首席执行官,当时谷歌重组成立了新的母公司,以监管其主要搜索和数字广告业务之外的“其他赌注”。佩奇此前曾担任谷歌首席执行官。在新的架构下,皮查伊成为谷歌的首席执行官后,有效地运行大部分的业务,因为佩奇已经退一步,把重点放在大图片的努力。皮查伊此前曾领导过安卓和Chrome。

信中说,佩奇和布林作为Alphabet董事会的成员将继续“积极参与”。联合创始人仍拥有该公司的控股权。佩奇持有Alphabet约5.8%的股份,布林控制着约5.6%的股份,皮查伊持有约0.1%的股份,这确保了这位新CEO仍可能受到公司创始人的挑战。谷歌表示,根据公告,其投票结构不会改变。

Alphabet可能需要更多地依赖于它的其他赌注,其中包括公司像Waymo韦莫和 verily威利,因为它的核心数字广告业务运行谷歌显示出放缓的迹象。谷歌2019年第一季度广告收入放缓,第三季度利润较上年同期下降。尽管其云计算业务正在增长,但该公司仍难以在硬件领域获得可观的收入。

佩奇和皮查伊在动荡的几年里一直监管着公司,谷歌的员工已经表达了对公司政策的不满。据《纽约时报》调查显示,去年,数千名谷歌员工走出世界各地的办公室,抗议谷歌支付给前安卓领导人安迪·鲁宾(Andy Rubin)的价值九千万美元的离职补偿方案,尽管谷歌发现针对他的性不当行为指控是可信的。CNBC上月报道称,Alphabet的董事会已经开始调查高管们是如何处理性不当行为的。

谷歌被迫放弃了某些项目,而员工们对此表示反对。2018年,谷歌的云主管当时表示,在2019年3月到期后,该公司将不再与国防部续约。此前,数千名员工联名请愿,敦促皮查伊让谷歌远离“战争业务”。

最近,一群被称为“感恩节四人”的谷歌前员工声称,假期前解雇他们是对他们试图组织工人的报复。这些前雇员已经承诺向国家劳工关系委员会提起诉讼,声称不公平的劳工做法。谷歌否认有任何报复行为,并坚持说,这些员工是由于共享机密文件和破坏安全而被解雇的。

以下是公开信全文

中文翻译仅供参考,英文原文后附

ALPHABET

来自拉里和谢尔盖的信

拉里·佩奇和谢尔盖·布林

创始人

2019年12月3日

在2004年的S-1(上市招股说明书)中,我们的开始了第一封创始人的信,其中写道:

“谷歌不是一家传统的公司。我们不打算成为其中一员。在谷歌作为一家私有公司的演变过程中,我们以不同的方式管理谷歌。我们还强调了一种创造性和挑战的气氛,这种气氛帮助我们为那些依赖我们的人提供了公正、准确和自由的信息获取途径。”

我们认为,这些核心原则今天仍然适用。该公司不是传统的,并继续在新技术,特别是我们的字母结构下,进行雄心勃勃的赌注。创造力和挑战仍然一如既往地存在,如果不是更多的话,而且越来越多地应用于机器学习、能源效率和运输等各个领域。尽管如此,谷歌的核心服务——提供公正、准确和自由的信息获取——仍然是该公司的核心。

然而,自从我们写了我们的第一个创始人的信,公司已经发展和成熟。在谷歌内部,有所有流行的消费服务,如地图、照片和YouTube;全球生态系统的设备,由我们的安卓平台,包括我们自己的谷歌制造设备;谷歌云,包括GCP和G套件;当然还有机器学习、云计算和软件工程的基础技术。这是一个荣誉,数十亿人已经选择使这些产品成为他们生活的中心-这是一个信任和责任,谷歌将永远努力不辜负。

谷歌“风险投资帝国”揭秘

在结构上,该公司在2015年发展成了Alphabet。就像我们在2015年的谷歌母公司设立时所说的:

“Alphabet是关于通过强大的领导者和独立来实现商业繁荣的。”

自从我们写完这篇文章,数以百计的凤凰城居民现在正驾驶着Waymo汽车到处转悠——许多人都没有司机!永荣成为第一家向美国消费者进行商业送货的无人机公司。通过与其他医疗保健公司的大量合作,“确实”和“卡利科”正在做重要的工作。我们的一些“其他投注”有自己的董事会,有独立成员和外部投资者。

这些只是我们在Alphabet内部成立的几个科技公司的例子,此外还有投资子公司GV和Capital G,它们支持了数百家公司。与谷歌的所有服务一起,这形成了一个丰富多彩的技术赌注在一系列行业-所有的目标都是帮助人民和解决重大挑战。

我们的第二封创始人信开始于:“ Google诞生于1998年。如果是一个人,它将在去年夏末(8月19日左右)开始上小学,而今天它即将完成一年级。”今天,在2019年,假设该公司是一个人,那将是21岁的年轻人,是时候离开这个职位了。长期参与公司的日常管理一直是一项巨大的荣幸,但我们相信,现在应该承担起骄傲的父母的角色了-提供建议和关爱,而不是每天唠叨!如今,Alphabet已经很成熟,并且Google和Other Bets作为独立公司有效运作,现在是时候简化我们的管理结构了。当我们认为有更好的方法来运营公司时,我们从来没有担任过管理职务。Alphabet和Google不再需要两位CEO和一位总裁。展望未来,Sundar将担任Google和Alphabet的首席执行官。他将负责领导Google,并负责管理Alphabet对我们其他投注组合的投资。我们长期致力于Google和Alphabet,并将继续积极参与董事会成员,股东和联合创始人的活动。此外,我们计划继续定期与Sundar交流,尤其是在我们热衷的话题上!

桑达尔每天都为我们的用户、合作伙伴和我们的员工带来谦卑和对技术的深厚热情。他与我们紧密合作了15年,通过成立Alphabet,作为谷歌的首席执行官和字母董事会的成员。他分享了我们对Alphabet结构价值的信心,以及它为我们提供了通过技术应对重大挑战的能力。自从Alphabet成立以来,我们再没有比他更依赖的人了,也没有比他更适合领导谷歌和Alphabet走向未来。

我们深感谦卑地看到一个小型研究项目发展成为数十亿人的知识和能力的源泉。这是我们作为两个斯坦福的学生所下的一个赌注,导致了许多其他的技术赌注。早在1998年,当我们将服务器从宿舍搬到车库时,我们无法想象接下来的旅程。

桑达尔Sundar在12月3日星期二向Google员工发送了以下电子邮件:

大家好,几周前当我在东京访问Google员工时,我谈到了Google多年来的变化。实际上,在我与Google的15年以上合作中,我唯一看到的不变就是变化。不断发展的过程-创始人经常将其称为“令人不安的激动”-是我们的一部分。

今天,当您阅读Larry和Sergey刚刚发布到我们博客的新闻时,该声明尤其正确。拉里(Larry)和谢尔盖(Sergey)分享的关键信息是:

“尽管长期参与公司的日常管理一直是一项巨大的荣幸,但我们认为现在应该承担起骄傲的父母的角色-提供建议和爱,但不是每天的唠叨!

如今,Alphabet已经很成熟,并且Google和Other Bets作为独立公司有效运作,现在是时候简化我们的管理结构了。当我们认为有更好的方法来运营公司时,我们从来没有担任过管理职务。Alphabet和Google不再需要两位CEO和一位总裁。

展望未来,Sundar将担任Google和Alphabet的首席执行官。他将负责领导Google,并负责管理Alphabet对我们其他投注组合的投资。我们长期致力于Google和Alphabet,并将继续积极参与董事会成员,股东和联合创始人的活动。此外,我们计划继续定期与Sundar交流,尤其是在我们热衷的话题上!”

我第一次见到拉里和谢尔盖是在2004年,自那以后,他们的指导和见解使我受益匪浅。好消息是我将继续和他们一起工作——尽管我和他们的角色不同。作为董事会成员和联合创始人,他们仍将为你提供建议。

我想澄清的是,这种转变不会影响到Alphabet的结构,也不会影响到我们每天的工作。我将继续非常专注于谷歌和我们正在做的深入工作,以推动计算的边界,并为每个人建立一个更有用的谷歌。同时,我对Alphabet及其长期专注于通过技术应对重大挑战感到兴奋。

创始人们给了我们所有人一个不可思议的机会去影响这个世界。正是因为他们,我们才有了永恒的使命、永恒的价值观,以及协作和探索的文化,让我们每天都来工作变得令人兴奋。这是我们将继续努力的坚实基础。迫不及待想看看我们接下来要去的地方,并期待着与你们一起继续旅程。

-桑达尔

以下是英文原文:

ALPHABET

A letter from Larry and Sergey

Larry Page and Sergey Brin

Founders

Published Dec3,2019

Our very first founders’ letter in our2004 S-1 began:

“Google is not a conventional company. We do not intend to become one. Throughout Google’s evolution as a privately held company, we have managed Google differently. We have also emphasized an atmosphere of creativity and challenge, which has helped us provide unbiased, accurate and free access to information for those who rely on us around the world.”

We believe those central tenets are still true today. The company is not conventional and continues to make ambitious bets on new technology, especially with our Alphabet structure. Creativity and challenge remain as ever-present as before, if not more so, and are increasingly applied to a variety of fields such as machine learning, energy efficiency and transportation. Nonetheless, Google’s core service—providing unbiased, accurate, and free access to information—remains at the heart of the company.

However, since we wrote our first founders’ letter, the company has evolved and matured. Within Google, there are all the popular consumer services that followed Search, such as Maps, Photos, and YouTube; a global ecosystem of devices powered by our Android and Chrome platforms, including our own Made by Google devices; Google Cloud, including GCP and G Suite; and of course a base of fundamental technologies around machine learning, cloud computing, and software engineering. It’s an honor that billions of people have chosen to make these products central to their lives—this is a trust and responsibility that Google will always work to live up to.

And structurally, the company evolved into Alphabet in2015. As we said in the Alphabet founding letter in2015:

“Alphabet is about businesses prospering through strong leaders and independence.”

Since we wrote that, hundreds of Phoenix residents are now being driven around in Waymo cars—many without drivers! Wing became the first drone company to make commercial deliveries to consumers in the U.S. And Verily and Calico are doing important work, through a number of great partnerships with other healthcare companies. Some of our“Other Bets” have their own boards with independent members, and outside investors.

Those are just a few examples of technology companies that we have formed within Alphabet, in addition to investment subsidiaries GV and Capital G, which have supported hundreds more. Together with all of Google’s services, this forms a colorful tapestry of bets in technology across a range of industries—all with the goal of helping people and tackling major challenges.

Our second founders’ letter began:

“Google was born in1998. If it were a person, it would have started elementary school late last summer(around August19), and today it would have just about finished the first grade.”

Today, in2019, if the company was a person, it would be a young adult of21 and it would be time to leave the roost. While it has been a tremendous privilege to be deeply involved in the day-to-day management of the company for so long, we believe it’s time to assume the role of proud parents—offering advice and love, but not daily nagging!

With Alphabet now well-established, and Google and the Other Bets operating effectively as independent companies, it’s the natural time to simplify our management structure. We’ve never been ones to hold on to management roles when we think there’s a better way to run the company. And Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President. Going forward, Sundar will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet. He will be the executive responsible and accountable for leading Google, and managing Alphabet’s investment in our portfolio of Other Bets. We are deeply committed to Google and Alphabet for the long term, and will remain actively involved as Board members, shareholders and co-founders. In addition, we plan to continue talking with Sundar regularly, especially on topics we’re passionate about!

Sundar brings humility and a deep passion for technology to our users, partners and our employees every day. He’s worked closely with us for15 years, through the formation of Alphabet, as CEO of Google, and a member of the Alphabet Board of Directors. He shares our confidence in the value of the Alphabet structure, and the ability it provides us to tackle big challenges through technology. There is no one that we have relied on more since Alphabet was founded, and no better person to lead Google and Alphabet into the future.

We are deeply humbled to have seen a small research project develop into a source of knowledge and empowerment for billions—a bet we made as two Stanford students that led to a multitude of other technology bets. We could not have imagined, back in1998 when we moved our servers from a dorm room to a garage, the journey that would follow.

Sundar sent the following email to Googlers on Tuesday, December3:

Hi everyone,

When I was visiting Googlers in Tokyo a few weeks ago I talked about how Google has changed over the years. In fact, in my15+ years with Google, the only constant I’ve seen is change. This process of continuous evolution-- which the founders often refer to as"uncomfortably exciting"-- is part of who we are. That statement will feel particularly true today as you read the news Larry and Sergey have just posted to our blog.

The key message Larry and Sergey shared is this:

While it has been a tremendous privilege to be deeply involved in the day-to-day management of the company for so long, we believe it’s time to assume the role of proud parents—offering advice and love, but not daily nagging!

With Alphabet now well-established, and Google and the Other Bets operating effectively as independent companies, it’s the natural time to simplify our management structure. We’ve never been ones to hold on to management roles when we think there’s a better way to run the company. And Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President. Going forward, Sundar will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet. He will be the executive responsible and accountable for leading Google, and managing Alphabet’s investment in our portfolio of Other Bets. We are deeply committed to Google and Alphabet for the long term, and will remain actively involved as Board members, shareholders and co-founders. In addition, we plan to continue talking with Sundar regularly, especially on topics we’re passionate about!

I first met Larry and Sergey back in2004 and have been benefiting from their guidance and insights ever since. The good news is I’ll continue to work with them-- although in different roles for them and me. They’ll still be around to advise as board members and co-founders.

I want to be clear that this transition won't affect the Alphabet structure or the work we do day to day. I will continue to be very focused on Google and the deep work we’re doing to push the boundaries of computing and build a more helpful Google for everyone. At the same time, I’m excited about Alphabet and its long term focus on tackling big challenges through technology.

The founders have given all of us an incredible chance to have an impact on the world. Thanks to them, we have a timeless mission, enduring values, and a culture of collaboration and exploration that makes it exciting to come to work every day. It’s a strong foundation on which we will continue to build. Can’t wait to see where we go next and look forward to continuing the journey with all of you.

- Sundar

责任编辑: 王和   来源:留学观察者 转载请注明作者、出处並保持完整。

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