Truth of Jiang Zemin: Part VI
Jiang Zemin’s death or illness has led to a dispute in
the Chinese Communist Party(CCP) regarding Jiang’s life.
Jiang’s notorious deeds have attracted wide attention.
NTD is making a series of reports on Jiang’s life.
Today's topic is Jiang's politicking within
the Chinese Communist Party’s(CCP) corrupt army.
Due to his role in Tiananmen Massacre in1989,
Jiang Zemin became the CCP’s General Secretary.
In1991, the former Soviet Union and the Communist Eastern Bloc disintegrated.
Under the protection of CCP leftist veterans Chen Yun and Li Xiannian,
Jiang Zemin was advocating the ultra-left line and against reforms.
In early1992, Deng Xiaoping was accompanied
by the CCP’s then-President Yang Shangkun on his southern tour.
Deng specifically mentioned Jiang’s name and
said"the one who does not reform will step down.
" Meanwhile, Jiang ordered the Central Propaganda Department
to unify their statements regarding Deng's southern tour.
Subsequently, on an expanded meeting of the Politburo,
when conveying Deng's speeches made on his southern tour,
Jiang deleted a large amount of contents.
On National People's Congress held in March1992,
the CCP’s military General Political Department Director Yang Baibing
shouted:"To defend the reform and opening up."
Shenzhen Special Zone Daily was the first to disclose Deng's southern tour speeches.
Jiang was under a lot of pressure from many CCP veterans,
including Yang Shangkun, Qiao Shi, Wan Li and Tian Jiyun.
In June1992, Jiang’s backer, left-wing elder Li Xiannian died.
Jiang’s subordinate Zeng Qinghong analyzed that
Deng could be planning to appoint Qiao Shi to be the next CCP General Secretary, instead of Jiang.
To secure his position, Jiang was compelled to support the reform.
Deng feared that his reform would be abandoned.
He feared more of the vindication of Tiananmen Movement.
Yang was reluctant at the beginning of the crackdown to use troops to suppress the students.
So, Jiang and Zeng Qinghong set Deng at loggerheads with Yang.
Jiang used Deng to take away Yang’s military power.
Eventually, Jiang murdered Yang Shangkun.
In early1995, Beijing’s Mayor Chen Xitong and
seven other provincial CCP committee leaders wrote a joint letter to Deng,
exposing that Jiang’s father was a traitor to China.
Deng told Bo Yibo to handle the matter.
One of the CCP’s Eight Elders, Bo highly recommended Jiang in the past.
Jiang begged Bo on his knees. Bo later persuaded Deng to forgive Jiang.
In exchange, Bo Yibo asked from Jiang high-ranking positions for his son, Bo Xilai.
Bo Yibo was an expert in abusing people.
He later gave Jiang lots of advice on how to persecute Falun Gong practitioners.
Deng died in1997. Using the suicide of Beijing’s deputy mayor Wang Baosen,
Jiang sentenced Chen Xitong to16 years in prison for bribery and corruption.
Jiang also used“Yuanhua Smuggling Case" to force
Central Military Commission(CMC) Vice Chair Liu Huaqing to resign.
Liu was previously arranged by Deng to assist Jiang in the army.
To protect his position, Jiang wantonly planted his cronies in the military.
In1997 alone, he promoted530 generals.
CMC’s Vice Chair Zhang Wannian, as well as Guo Boxiong and
General Political Department Director Yu Yongbo all became Jiang’s confidants.
After becoming the CMC chair, Jiang allowed the army to indulge in running businesses.
There was an unprecedented corruption in the military.
It even surpassed the corruption of local governments.
The armed forces smuggled all kinds of goods, including narcotics.
Wu Fan(China Affairs Editor-in-Chief):“He(Jiang) drove away all the veteran military officials.
He promoted and bought hundreds of high-ranking military officials with women and money.
The Chinese army was turned into the CCP’s army and Jiang’s own private army.”
In1998, the then-Premier Zhu Rongji said,
in recent years, goods worth RMB800 billion were smuggled annually.
The military alone accounted for at least RMB500 billion.
In the first half of1998 alone,
the military smugglers opened fire and killed450 anti-smuggling police officials and injured2,200 more.
The military even forged the Premier’s signature and embezzled RMB2 billion.
All investigations regarding such cases were smothered by Jiang.
In1998, defense minister Chi Haotian said,
over50% of the annual military expenditure was incurred by high-ranking cadres on banquets,
overseas travels and luxury houses and cars.
With the income from smuggling and conducting businesses,
in1998, the actual military cadres squandered7 times of the RMB94 billion military expenditure.
In2002, the CCP’s Central Committee Politburo passed a resolution to let"Jiang step down."
On the CCP’s16th National Congress in Nov2002,
Jiang ordered Zhang Wannian to stage a military coup.
As a result, Jiang successfully remained the Chair of Central Military Commission.
In early2003, the Politburo organized a session of criticizing and self-criticizing.
Members of the Politburo, including Li Ruihuan, made nearly40 negative comments about Jiang.
They included exclusive privileges, authoritarian rule, personal cult,
personal glorification and seriously damaging China's international image.
On Aug.26,2004, over300 veteran soldiers burst into Zhongnanhai,
holding a wreath dedicated to Jiang.
They demanded Jiang to step down.
Old generals, including Hong Xuezhi, Liu Huaqing and Yang Baibing, proposed that Jiang should retire entirely.
On Sep.1,2004, Jiang wrote to the Politburo, pretending to resign.
Meanwhile, he instigated his cronies to"retain" him.
Unexpectedly, on a Politburo meeting held on Sep.13, many CMC members,
who were promoted by Jiang, supported Jiang's"resignation.”
Sensing a change of political climate, Jiang's“regent” Zeng Qinghong also supported Jiang’s resignation.
Jiang was forced to resign later.
However, he still had considerable influence on the military and politics.
Wu Fan:“A typical example is that when Wenchuan earthquake took place in2008,
CCP’s Premier Wen Jiabao wanted to dispatch the army to help with the relief efforts, but couldn’t do so.
The army only wanted to receive civilian Jiang Zemin’s orders.
Even the chair of CMC, Hu Jintao, couldn’t dispatch the army.
The army had been turned into Jiang’s private army.”
In2007 CCP’s National Congress, Jiang and Zeng Qinghong promoted many of their cronies into the Politburo Standing Committee.
Hu Jintao’s chosen successor Li Keqiang was squeezed out.
Jiang and Zeng tried to manipulate the personnel arrangement for the2012 National Congress.
In April2009, the usually silent Qiao Shi and Li Ruihuan suddenly supported
the personnel arrangement of the Hu-Wen-led18th National Congress.
Since then, the Jiang’s faction, Crown Prince Party and the Hu-Wen camp had
a series of battles on various issues, such as Bo Xilai’s"red song singing."
Since2010, Jiang began to lose power.
He was no longer seen in CCP’s newspapers or official activities.
Hu began to dominate the arrangement of military personnel.
In early July,2011, the foreign media reported Jiang’s death.
Jiang’s followers are looking for a way out for themselves.
Jiang formally withdrew from the political arena.